ارائه مدل تصمیم‌گیری چندمعیاره جهت مکان‌یابی بندر‌ هاب (مطالعه موردی: صنعت کشتیرانی ایران)

نوع مقاله: مقاله پژوهشی

نویسندگان

1 دانشجوی کارشناس ارشد مهندسی صنایع، دانشکده فنی و مهندسی، دانشگاه قم، قم، ایران.

2 استادیار، گروه مهندسی صنایع، دانشکده فنی و مهندسی، دانشگاه قم، قم، ایران

چکیده

مسئله مکان‌یابی‌ هاب در چند سال اخیر به یکی از مسائل محبوب و مهم در ارتباطات و حمل و نقل وسائل نقلیه زمینی، هوایی و به ویژه حمل و نقل دریایی تبدیل شده است. تمرکز اصلی این مقاله بر انتخاب بندر بعنوان‌ هاب برای بنادر کانتینری است. شرکت‌‌های کشتیرانی در کنار محاسبه هزینه‌‌های مسافت و عملیاتی، شرایط کیفی را نیز برای مکان‌یابی‌ هاب در نظر می‌گیرند. سپس مناسب‌ترین مکان را بعنوان بندر‌ هاب کانتینری را انتخاب می‌کنند. معیارهای کمّی و کیفی زیادی در انتخاب مناسب‌ترین بندر بعنوان‌ هاب نقش دارند. در این مقاله، دو مدل تصمیم‌گیری چندمعیاره برای ارزیابی و انتخاب بندر‌ هاب در صنعت کشتیرانی ارائه شده است. در نهایت، عملکرد هر یک از روش‌های ارائه شده با یک مطالعه موردی مکان‌یابی‌ هاب در بندر‌‌های ناحیه جنوب ایران شامل: بندر عباس، امام، بوشهر، خرمشهر، چابهار و عسلویه مورد ارزیابی قرار گرفته و نتایج حاصل از هر دو روش مقایسه می‌شود.

کلیدواژه‌ها


عنوان مقاله [English]

A multi-criteria decision making model to locate the hub ports (case study: the maritime industry of Iran)

نویسندگان [English]

  • Amir Zabihi 1
  • Mohsen Gharehkhani 2
1 MSc. Student, Industrial Engineering, Faculty of Engineering, Qom University, Qom, Iran
2 Assistant Prof. Department of Industrial Engineering, Faculty of Engineering, Qom University, Qom, Iran
چکیده [English]

Hub location problem is one of the most popular issues in communications and, truck transportation, air transportation, and in particular, in marine transport in recent years. The main focus of this article is on selecting and ranking the ports that suitable to be concidered as a hub for container ports. A shipping carrier not only calculates transport distances and operation costs, but also evaluates some qualitative conditions for existing hub locations and then selects an optimal container transshipment hub location in the region. Many qualitative and quantitative criteria involved in the selection of the most appropriate port as a hub. In this paper, two Multiple Criteria Decision Making (MCDM) models are applied to evaluate and select hub port in the shipping industry. Finally, performance of each presented MCDM technique have been studied in ports of south of Iran including: Abbas port, Imam, Bushehr, Khorramshahr, Chabahar and Assaluyeh and results of techniques are evaluated.

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • Analytic Hierarchy Process (AHP)
  • Multi-criteria Decision Making (MCDM)
  • Port location
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