Systematic Review on the Effect of the Information Technology on Epidemic Control of COVID-19

Document Type : Original Article

Authors

1 MSc. Computer Engineering, Faculty of Electrical and Computer Engineering, Azad university of dezfull, dezfull, Iran. Email: Chahkhoie@gmail.com

2 Assistance Prof. Computer Engineering, Faculty of Electrical and Computer Engineering, Azad university of dezfull, dezfull, Iran. Email: myrshg@gmail.com

3 MSc. Computer Engineering, Faculty of Electrical and Computer Engineering, Azad university of dezfull, dezfull, Iran. Email: Nezhadfarhani@gmail.com

4 Assistance Prof. Computer Engineering, Faculty of Electrical and Computer Engineering, Azad University, Qom, Iran. Email: a.shahidinejad@gmail.com

Abstract

The emergence of severe acute respiratory syndrome Coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2) in China on December 2019 has led to a global outbreak of COVID-19, which spread worldwide and became an international public health issue. People all over the world must fight in this unexpected battle and the part each individual plays, is important. The health care system has done an excellent job, and the government has done various actions to help the community control the virus spreads as well. On the other hand, in most cases people help to improve the situation alongside the policies. However, the role of information technology in helping various social institutions to fight COVID-19 is hidden and is not well appreciated. The purpose of this study is to discover the hidden role of information technology (IT) that ultimately helps to control the epidemic. Research has shown that strategies for using potential technologies can be beneficial. These IT strategies can also be tailored either to control the epidemic or to support community exclusion during the epidemic which in turn, helps control the spread of infection. This article sheds light on the impact of various technologies that help health care systems, government and public in different aspects to fight COVID-19. In addition to the technologies implemented, this paper also deals with the potential unexpected technologies that can be effective in controlling epidemic conditions for future applications. It has also tried to provide IT-based solutions to deal with the disease epidemic as well.

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